You could have heard about many powerful supercomputers. As of 2019, the fastest supercomputer in the world is Summit. It is located in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the United States.
In the near future, we will see a new type of supercomputer that will not only be larger than Summit in terms of size; It will also cover different continents around the world, a unit in Perth, Australia and another in Cape Town, South Africa.
Known as the scientific data processor (SDP), it will be approximately 25% faster than Summit. For reference, Summit offers around 200 PFLOPS, while SDP could process around 250 PFLOPS in total through its two supercomputing units.
The purpose of this powerful giant is to serve as the brain of the SKA Telescope. The astronomical signal data collected by the telescope is first sent to the Central Signal Processor (CSP) for correlation and beam formation. For further processing, the data will be transferred to the SDP.
“SDP is where the data becomes information. This is where we begin to make sense of the data and produce detailed astronomical images of the sky, “said Rosie Bolton, data center scientist for the SKA Organization.
Now, due to the distance, there will be a large amount of data transfer. It is estimated that around 600 petabytes of data will be transferred in just one year of use. For reference, this amount of data is enough to fill about 1 million average laptops.
Directed by the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, it took around 5 years to complete the project design process. He invited the scientific minds of some 40 institutions spread across 11 countries.
In addition, not only the Summit is a competitor of SDP. We have another supercomputer called Frontier, which is expected to arrive in 2021. Once again, developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, it will be able to process about 1.5 computers. This will be about 50 times faster than current supercomputers.